Transit-Oriented Development NAMA in Colombia
Final Blogs on the Achievements and Next Steps of the Colombia TOD NAMA
- Colombia TOD NAMA: 4 Years Later (actually 9 years later)
- TOD NAMA Pilot Projects primed for implementation
- A New Model of Equitable and Sustainable TOD around Future Bogota Metro Stations
- TOD NAMA Delivers National Policy Roadmap for Colombia
- Colombia TOD NAMA delivers comprehensive Measurement and Evaluation system
Transforming Urban Development in Colombia
CCAP worked with leading Colombian stakeholders from 2012 to 2020 to develop and implement a NAMA on Transit-Oriented Development (TOD). The NAMA is a comprehensive urban strategy that integrates sustainable mobility with land use development, and focuses public and private development around transit stations to create neighborhoods where people can safely walk, live, work, shop and play. The ultimate goal of the TOD NAMA is to transform Colombia’s urban development model from automobile-oriented urban sprawl to Transit Oriented Development that maximizes GHG reductions and the sustainable development co-benefits of investments in public transport and housing. By changing long-term land use patterns using the proven GHG-reduction “technology” of the TOD neighborhood (high-quality pedestrian amenities, frequent public transit service, and mixed-use development), the TOD NAMA will cut growth in driving by 25 percent, ensuring greenhouse gas emissions reductions for decades to come.
The NAMA leverages over $10 billion of Colombian investments in public transport, social housing and GHG mitigation, increasing economic, environmental, and social returns. Through catalytic local projects and national policies for replication, the NAMA is projected to reduce annual GHG emissions by 3.6 to 5.5 MMTCO2 by 2040.
The TOD NAMA capitalizes on Colombia’s public-private partnership legislation, and provides additional incentives to develop vibrant transit neighborhoods that will:
- Enhance economic prosperity
- Save Colombians time and money on travel
- Reduce government infrastructure costs
- Increase returns for real estate and retail
- Improve the financial sustainability of transit operators
CCAP began the effort by initiating a knowledge exchange surrounding best practices for sustainable urban development. CCAP hosted Colombian officials as part of a study tour that targeted areas of transit oriented development such as NoMa, the Rosslyn-Ballston Corridor and White Flint. CCAP worked closely with Findeter, the national ministries of transportation, environment, housing, and planning, as well as local governments and real estate developers to develop a NAMA concept with significant potential to implement and finance catalytic transit neighborhoods.
In December 2013 the TOD NAMA was pre-selected by the NAMA Facility during the first round of proposals and began an extensive appraisal process. This included further development of the structure and organization of the NAMA. Implementation started in late 2016 with €14.7M in funding from the NAMA Facility. CCAP served as the Delivery Organization for Technical Component (€3m) from 2016-2020 and the KfW German development bank is Delivery Organization for the Financial Component (€11.7m) through the end of 2023.
At the core of this innovative NAMA was the creation of a new center for sustainable urban development,CIUDAT, Centro para Intervenciones Urbanas de Desarrollo Avanzado al Transporte. Housed within the national development bank, FINDETER. CIUDAT provides cities with technical and financial assistance on TOD implementation, based on locally-specified needs.
CIUDAT is developing TOD pilot projects in the cities of Bogota, Cali, Pasto and Medellin. CCAP guided development of the pre-feasibility studies and KfW will guide CIUDAT on the design, finance, construction and evaluation of the pilot projects. CIUDAT continues to develop a pipeline of quality TOD projects for future implementation.
CIUDAT also serves a policy advisory role to ensure replication of TOD across Colombian cites and harmonization of policies across ministries to advance national policy goals on urban transportation, housing, environment, economic development and social equity. CIUDAT has developed an unprecedented national TOD policy framework to guide future urban development in Colombia. CIUDAT has also developed a comprehensive TOD Monitoring and Evaluation system to track implementation progress, improve performance and establish the capacity to assess long-term impacts.
CIUDAT is governed by a Board of Directors with high-level representatives from the national Ministries of Housing, Transportation, Environment, Energy, Finance and the National Planning Department. The CIUDAT Technical Advisory Committee (made up of Board member organization staff) meets regularly to support NAMA implementation and policy development.
See below for more detailed information on the various elements of the Colombia TOD NAMA and the results of CCAP and CIUDAT’s efforts.
- Interview: How the TOD NAMA is Transforming Urban Development in Colombia
- White paper: A Matrix of Potential Policy Tools for TOD in Colombia
- Short film: Colombia Implementing the Transit Oriented Development NAMA
- Blog: Colombia TOD NAMA: Disruptive Urban “Technology” and Superblocks
- Event: NAMA Facility Workshop: Inspiring Ambitious Action on Climate Change
- Presentation: Transformative Transport NAMAs: Colombia TOD NAMA Overview
- Publication: Growing Wealthier, Climate Change and Prosperity
TOD Colombia NAMA Webinar:
Dec 15, 2020
- Webinar Recording: TOD NAMA: Progress, Results and Next Steps (English)
- Introduction to the Colombia TOD NAMA (Steve Winkelman)
- CIUDAT and the TOD NAMA Pilot Projects (Jean Francisco Duque)
- Colombia TOD NAMA: National policy recommendations (Pablo Alejandro Montenegro)
- Colombia TOD NAMA: Monitoring & Evaluation Toolkit (Chuck Kooshian)
- TOD NAMA financial component (Dirk Heinrichs)
Dec 16, 2020
Nov 18, 2020
Colombia TOD NAMA: Final Products
- TOD NAMA Delivers National Policy Roadmap for Colombia
- Lineamientos para una política nacional
- Formulación de los lineamientos y recomendaciones de política para la implementación de iniciativas de Desarrollo Orientado al Transporte Sostenible (DOTS) en Colombia
- 8.1 Anexo 1. Beneficios de la Política Dots
- Política Nacional de Desarrollo Orientado al Transporte Sostenible – DOTS
Monitoring & Evaluation Toolkit
- Introducción Caja de herramientas de Moniterio y Evaluación de la NAMA TOD de Colombia
- Seguimiento de indicadores TOD NAMA
- Guia DOTS M&E
- ANEXO 1 Encuesta de percepción ciudadana
- ANEXO 2 Formato Encuesta interceptacion via
- ANEXO 3 Auditorias Visuales Urbana paso a paso
- ANEXO 4 Formato de Estudio de Ocupación Visual paso a paso
- ANEXO 5 Formato captura info Aforo vehiculos livianos
- ANEXO 6 Formato captura info Aforo vehiculos pesados
- ANEXO 7 Formato de sistematización identificación Ocupación Visual
- ANEXO 8 Formato sistematización info Aforo vehiculares