Technology-Based Sectoral NAMAs China’s Cement, Iron and Steel Sectors

This paper explores the possible use of a technology-based sectoral NAMA for energy-intensive industries. Whereas other sectoral approaches have focused on energy- or GHG-intensity as the overarching metric for measuring progress, a technology-based sectoral NAMA is expressed in terms of technology selections (either specific technologies, production processes, or their performance equivalents) and future market penetration... continue reading »

An Upstream/Downstream Hybrid Approach to Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading

Part of the Airlie Carbon Trading Papers, this report examines alternative approaches to expanding the coverage of a downstream trading system by bringing in facilities from farther upstream. It calls attention to a number of issues that would need to be addressed in integrating upstream and downstream facilities into a single system, most notably the... continue reading »