Sixth MAIN LAC Dialogue
10.27.14 - 10.29.14
CCAP hosted the Sixth Latin American Regional Dialogue of the Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) from October 27-29, 2014. This sector-focused dialogue emphasized the role of transportation in climate mitigation and sustainable development. It convened representatives from developing and contributing country governments, the private sector, multi-lateral institutions and civil society to share information and enhance efforts to integrate Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), low-carbon development policies and Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). This dialogue focused in particular on the transport sector, and was sponsored by Germany’s International Climate Initiative, the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Belgian FPS Health, Food Chain Security and Environment.
Inter-ministerial country teams from Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Panama, and Uruguay learned about recent developments regarding the Green Climate Fund and efforts to develop ambitious Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to a 2015 climate agreement. Participants listened to transport and finance experts, shared best practices for NAMA development, and discussed strategies for designing NAMAs that are attractive to funders and investors.
Policymakers discussed a potential regional Latin American effort on passenger vehicle efficiency. Such an effort could leverage countries’ combined market power and cut GHGs from the rapidly growing vehicle fleet. Among the options that were discussed were adopting a Latin American vehicle standard based on US or EU standards and/or designing “feebate” programs that combine fees and rebates. Participants decided that, while this regional effort would be a major undertaking, it is worthy of pursuit.
Participants also identified significant needs and opportunities for reducing GHGs from heavy duty vehicles such as trucks and buses, where efficiency improvements can yield major co-benefits on air quality, health and black carbon reduction. Understanding best practices for mitigating GHGs from cars, trucks and buses – and their strong economic benefits — will help inform partner country NAMA proposals, INDCs and low-carbon development plans. Additional key takeaways included:
- While electric vehicles can play a crucial role in reducing GHGs in the longer term, practical pilot efforts focused on fueling infrastructure must be identified first, given the potential high costs.
- The need to address the demand side in the long term through land use and transit measures was another key take away of the dialogue.
- Climate funding must leverage substantial additional public and private investment to finance new urban infrastructure and buildings
After hearing about TOD initiatives in Latin American and the U.S., participants toured a successful example in Washington, D.C.’s Columbia Heights neighborhood, and were encouraged about exploring the opportunities and challenges in their countries, emphasizing the importance of public-private partnerships and the added value of climate finance.
- Sixth MAIN-Latin American Regional Dialogue Agenda
- Sixth MAIN-Latin America Regional Dialogue Meeting Summary
- Transportation and Climate Change Factsheet
- Sixth MAIN-Latin American Regional Dialogue: Speaker Biographies
- Colombia TOD NAMA Overview
- Colombia TOD NAMA Overview (Versión Español)
- Connect the Dots Blog Handout
- Connect the Dots Blog Handout (Versión Español)
- GCF Fact Sheet
- GCF Fact Sheet (Versión Español)
- INDCs Fact Sheet
- INDCs Factsheet (Versión Español)
- Passenger Vehicle Technology: Regulations and Incentives for GHG Reduction Ms. Sc. Ivan Islas Cortes
- Electric Vehicles: Performance, Cost, Penetration John German
- Passenger Vehicle Technology: U.S. CAFE and GHG Standards John German
- Green Climate Fund Ned Helme
- The Challenge of Motorization and Reducing Transportation GHGs Chuck Kooshian
- Global Fuel Economy Initiative: Chile Case Study Gianni López
- Business Case for Transit Oriented Development Christopher Coes
- Transit Oriented Development and Sustainable Transport Colombia TOD NAMA Claudia Diaz
- SEDATU National Urban Development and Mobility Policy Alejandro Morales Rosales
- Truck Efficiency Standards and the Potential for Latin America, Overview of the Global Green Freight Action Plan Rachel Munrief
- Freight Transport NAMAs in COL and MEX Georg Schmid
- Sustainable Urban Transport and Transit Oriented Development Alejandro Taddia
- Supporting TOD as a Sustainble Community Strategy John V. Thomas, PhD
- Transit Oriented Development Steve Winkelman