As the primary operating entity of the UNFCCC financial mechanism, the Green Climate Fund (GCF) is the largest dedicated fund to support the achievement of the Paris Agreement, including the goal to limit the global temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius and the implementation of developing countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). This paper presents the... continue reading »
Creating Sustainable Infrastructure Efficient transportation systems and low-emission vehicles are essential for achieving climate change goals and advancing sustainable, resilient and equitable development. Comprehensive urban strategies such as Transit Oriented Development (TOD) that integrate sustainable mobility with land use development generate economic benefits for individuals, governments and businesses. Cross-sectoral approaches such as linking electric vehicle... continue reading »
Presentation from second MAIN-Asia dialogue held in Vietnam.
Presentation from the second MAIN-Asia dialogue held in Vietnam.
This report begins with an overview of China, including population and economic statistics and a profile of its historical energy consumption and GHG emission trends. The chapter concludes with a summary of the macro assumptions, analytical methodologies and computer modeling tools used in the analysis. Chapters III through VII present the results of the GHG... continue reading »
This paper examines international experience with Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV), which has focused on accounting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at the national and project levels. National reporting of emissions has centered on the preparation of national communications which are required every four years for developed countries. While national communications are currently voluntary for... continue reading »
Supporting Ambitious Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions CCAP is working to support the design and implementation of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) and Low-Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS) in developing countries through regionally-based dialogues, web-based exchanges, and practitioner networks. Recent UNFCCC negotiations have made it clear that climate protection will depend on actions on the ground in both developing and developed countries. In recent years, developing countries have shown a significant commitment to reducing emissions unilaterally and being involved in the ultimate climate solution. The MAIN initiative works to identify and highlight the most successful developing country mitigation policies and uses these lessons to assist other countries in refining their policies and implementation frameworks in order to achieve ambitious mitigation actions. Mitigation Action Implementation Network Objectives This initiative is designed to: Improve participant country’s capacity to design, plan and implement NAMAs that are consistent with any LEDS or national sustainable development plans. MAIN allows participants to learn from peers on real-world strategies to develop, finance and implement highly effective and cost-competitive NAMAs. Harvest best practices in NAMA development and implementation and provide participants with examples of successful bottom-up strategies informed by on-the-ground, in-country experiences. These examples will offer an effective way to achieve significant emission reductions. Promote collaborative financing for such actions by providing strategies to make NAMAs attractive to possible funders from donor countries, including meeting expectations for monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV). MAIN dialogues will also help finance officials better understand the challenges faced in NAMA development and how funding can best support effective developing country policy outcomes. Help define a longer-term international program of action that produces global GHG reductions sufficient to limit adverse impacts from climate change. Provide participants with a network of personal contacts in other developing countries and with possible funders from developed countries who could support ambitious NAMAs. How MAIN Works MAIN consists of several components: Regional dialogues or “policy academies” wherein policy implementers from key ministries in each country, climate negotiators, finance and MRV experts, and industry representatives advance efforts to design, implement, and leverage financing for NAMAs. These meetings will be composed of presentations on NAMA successes, roundtable discussions, brainstorming sessions, and networking opportunities. Harvesting of best practices is shared with participating countries, in which CCAP will identifies best practices in NAMA design and implementation, LCDS, MRV, and financing. Global dialogues and policy lunches that leverage the results of the fast-start finance period to shape climate policy at the international level. Virtual “knowledge sharing” sessions to enrich the peer-to-peer learning process initiated by the regional dialogues using web-based technology. Information About MAIN Introduction to the MAIN project – Asia and Latin America Video: Spurring Sustainable Development and Reducing Emissions through NAMAs continue reading »
The Global Sectoral Approaches study, initiated in May 2008 with support from the European Commission, was designed to provide a “proof-of-concept” of the feasibility of sectoral approaches in a post-2012 international framework for climate policy. The study initially investigated a transnational approach in which all countries face similar benchmarks, a sectoral CDM approach emphasizing carbon... continue reading »
This report provides an updated consideration of developing country “unilateral actions.” Once again, we find that full implementation of developing country “unilateral” actions is estimated to significantly reduce GHG emissions. The combined emission reductions in China, Brazil, and Mexico from these unilateral measures are estimated to be greater than the reductions under the Kyoto Protocol... continue reading »
This report begins with an overview of India, including population and economic statistics and a profile of its historical energy consumption and GHG emission trends. The chapter concludes with a summary of the macro assumptions, analytical methodologies and computer modelling tools used in the analysis. Chapters 3 through 11 present the assumptions and results of... continue reading »
This report summarizes the results of the first phase of the CCAP’s “Developing Country Project.” A key goal of the project is to strengthen the capacity of developing countries to take action to reduce greenhouse gases and to prepare for and participate in negotiations on the future structure of climate policy under the UNFCCC and... continue reading »
This report — and the companion reports prepared by the teams in each country — evaluate the emissions trends and reduction opportunities in key sectors of the economies of these countries, and suggest some preliminary insights on politically practical domestic and international approaches for achieving these reductions. The next phase of the research will study... continue reading »