Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAS) & Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) are climate change mitigation measures proposed by developing country governments to reduce emissions below 2020 business-as-usual levels and to contribute to domestic sustainable development. NAMAs can take the form of regulations, standards, programs, policies or financial incentives. However, at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) level, many aspects around the development, implementation and support of NAMAs are still undefined. The term was coined in the Bali Action Plan of 2007, and later, in 2009 in Copenhagen, developing countries submitted NAMAs to the UNFCCC. The NAMA concept is still evolving and will be shaped through learning-by-doing efforts now underway in developing countries.

On-the-Ground Action in Latin America

CCAP is currently working with the governments of Colombia and the Philippines to develop NAMAs that target greenhouse gas reductions and sustainable development goals.

View this video in Spanish or French.



Dominican Republic




Furthering the NAMA Concept through the Mitigation Action Implementation Network

Launched in 2011, MAIN promotes the exchange of best practices amongst developing countries that prepare NAMAs, and supporting developed countries. MAIN dialogues allow participants to craft strategies to make NAMAs attractive to possible funders, as well as designs that will best support effective policy outcomes. While developing countries are at different stages of NAMA development, dialogue participants have made considerable progress in developing NAMAs, identifying barriers to NAMAs, and receiving feedback from their peers during these events.