Fourth MAIN Asia Dialogue
1.20.15 - 1.22.15
The fourth Asian regional dialogue of the Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) took place from January 20-22 in Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia. Organized by the Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) and co- hosted by the Indonesia Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) and the Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF), the event brought together senior policy leaders and experts on renewable energy and buildings energy efficiency to share, inform and enhance countries’ efforts on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), low-carbon development, and Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to a 2015 climate agreement. The meeting built on past MAIN-Asia regional dialogues in Thailand, Vietnam, and the Philippines, as well as CCAP’s May 2013 Global NAMA Financing Summit in Copenhagen, Denmark. Rather than addressing multiple sectors more broadly, as done in past dialogues, this dialogue delved deeper into two specific sectors: renewable energy and buildings energy efficiency.
Senior government representatives from Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam discussed current developments related to the Green Climate Fund (GCF), shared strategies for developing INDCs, and looked at potential synergies between mitigation and adaptation actions. Representatives from the GCF Secretariat, the Germany-UK NAMA Facility, and the private sector presented on sources of finance to support NAMA implementation and catalyze private sector investment in low-carbon development. Inter-ministerial MAIN-Asia country teams, representing renewable energy, energy efficiency, finance, and climate change offices, engaged with sectoral experts and shared their own experiences in developing RE and EE NAMAs.
Key points from the dialogue include the following:
- NAMA financing has been ramping up. Projects are being funded through the NAMA Facility, and the third call for proposals is scheduled for this spring. The GCF has received funding pledges of over $10 billion. It is expected that the first round of GCF funding applications will open in summer 2015, with the first projects approved in October. The GCF must obligate 60% of total contributions (~$6 billion) by mid- 2017 and is looking for projects and programs that are both bankable and transformational, achieving the desired “paradigm shift” through changes to national policies that address key barriers to low-carbon development.
- NAMAs can be seen as building blocks for INDCs. All countries are expected to present INDCs as early as possible in 2015. The bottom-up sectoral analysis that goes into NAMA development additionally provides countries with critical data to inform their INDC and helps countries develop the institutional capacity to pinpoint mitigation opportunities. By identifying potential regulatory barriers and areas where international finance is critical (as well as areas where it is not), developing NAMAs can show a realistic pathway for achieving ambitious mitigation action. Additional analysis undertaken in the INDC process can identify new opportunities for NAMA development, and going forward, NAMAs may provide a key avenue for INDC implementation.
- Distributed generation of renewable resources presents a great opportunity for rural electrification, grid stability, reduced transmission and distribution losses, and greater climate resilience at a competitive cost to the consumer. There has been a profound shift in recent years, particularly noticeable in developed countries such as the U.S. and EU Member States, toward utility involvement in distributed generation.
- A strong enabling policy environment, including a stable regulatory system, credible institutions, the protection of property rights, access to long-term finance at reasonable costs, and incentives, is crucial for the development of renewables and the successful engagement and leveraging of private sector finance.
- Buildings are a large and growing source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Asia, contributing up to 40% of total current emissions. Deep energy efficiency measures are needed to prevent locking-in a high-emissions trajectory. A number of countries have tried to implement advanced programs and building codes with limited success due to a lack of capacity and enforcement. The buildings energy efficiency adoption curve (beginning with demonstration projects, followed with targeted incentives and programs, and ultimately building code enforcement) offers a pathway to developing and institutionalizing effective building codes and policy measures. A suite of potential policy measures presents opportunities to scale up the adoption curve, and in doing so decrease energy consumption, reduce GHGs, and improve local air quality.
- Mitigation and adaptation actions can potentially be combined to improve the bankability of adaptation actions, increase competitiveness and grant access to additional funding through the GCF’s adaptation window. However, several countries shared that the separate internal processes in place for developing mitigation and adaptation priorities would make doing so challenging in the short-term.
This dialogue was convened with the generous support of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag. Additional support provided by the Belgian FPS Health, Food Chain Security and Environment.
- Fourth MAIN Asia Dialogue Agenda
- Fourth MAIN Asia Dialogue Meeting Summary
- GCF Factsheet
- INDCs Factsheet
- Green Resilience Factsheet
- Update on the International Context, IPCC 2100 goal, and road to Paris 2015 Ned Helme
- Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs): Report from Lima Ned Helme
- Introduction to Policy Options for the Renewable Energy Breakout Session Stan Kolar
- Green Resilience: Adaptation + Mitigation Synergies Leila Surratt
- Danish Energy Model – RE Policy Tools Jorgen Hvid
- Preparation of Vietnam’s INDCs Huynh Thi Lan Huong
- Success factors for NAMA Development and Implementation: an experiment from Thailand Pattarachit Gozzoli
- Funding Criteria for the GCF and NAMA Facility Ina von Frantzius
- Climate Finance Readiness and ICCTF Syamsidar Thamrin
- The State of Climate Finance: the Private Sector and Climate Finance Readiness Rodrigo Violic
- NAMA Design Workshop for Renewable Energy: Economic and GHG Mitigation Effectiveness Jorgen Hvid
- NAMA Design Workshop for Buildings EE: Economic and GHG Mitigation Effectiveness Curt Garrigan
- NAMA Design Workshop for Buildings EE: Design Options in the Building Sector Jens Laustsen
- NAMA Design Workshop for Renewable Energy: Financial Mechanism Design Rodrigo Violic
- ICCTF and Adaption Syamsidar Thamrin
- Current Status of the Building Sector of Thailand Apichit Therdyothin
- Powering the Grid with Distributed Energy Resources Bill Tyndall